Theory

BACKGROUND

Cognitive decline is a common problem of older people,

 especially for dementia patients.

Dementia is an irreversible degenerative brain disease

affecting one’s memory, thinking, behaviour and emotion.

It causes loss of memory, along with impairments in the sensory system,

the person loses control over his or her impulse system, may not remember things

and at last stage, may have complete memory loss.

Treatments :

  • Medication                

  • Non-pharmacological Interventions,

eg. Cognitive Training

Sources:

Alzheimer’s Disease International Department of Health

Dementia in Hong Kong

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Symptoms of Dementia

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Executive function

Difficulty to performing familiar tasks
Difficulty in planning, organization and decision making

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Language

Forgetfulness, especially names of people and objects
Difficulty in following conversation involving more than one person

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Learning and memory

Short-term memory loss

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Orientation

Confusion in time and places 

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Attention

Increased difficulty in concentration and easy distraction 

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Social cognition

Lost in initiatives to socialise